Free 750 words essay on Recent Changes in Education System of India for school and college students.
Swami Vivekanand said, “Education is the manifestation of perfection already in human”. The evolution of education system in India stemmed from the ancient Vedic system. India is the place that built world’s first university at Takshila in 700 BC. Besides, Nalanda University built in 4th century BC is an epitome of educational revolution. Our heritage is magnanimously rich and our achievements spectacular. Yet even after India was freed from the shackles of colonial rule, universal education has remained a distant dream. Although, the nation has taken significant steps forward in expanding the multi-disciplinary education scenario, certain structural and functional discrepancies have led to several imbalances.
In recent years, Indian policymakers have taken ambitious strides in transforming the educational infrastructure that has produced remarkable results.
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Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat: This programme has been launched to improve learning outcomes. It focuses on language development by generating interest in reading and writing. Also, there is a shift towards teaching mathematics in a more interesting and interactive way for children of Class I and II.
Saransh: An online facility launched by CBSE Board to create performance matrices of each student, and make comparisons vis-a-vis all CBSE schools at various levels.
Mid-Day Meal scheme: It has been on priority radar of the government that achieves the dual objective of Integrated Child Development Service as well as ensuring higher enrollment and student participation in schools.
Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN): A scheme to leverage the talent of scientists and entrepreneurs of international stature by seeking their engagement in the higher educational institutions of India. It would help the country elevate its scientific and technological prowess.
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Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT): It is a joint initiative of IITs and IISc to develop a roadmap to solve the major engineering and technology challenges faced by India in ten pre-determined domains. These ten focus areas are health care, information and communication technology, energy, sustainable habitat, nano-technology hardware, water resources and river systems, advanced materials, manufacturing, security and defense, and environmental science and climate change.
Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM): With an objective to streamline premium educational facilities with the rest of the country, professors of centrally funded institutions such as IITs, IIMs, Central Universities, etc., will offer online courses for students free of cost.
SAKSHAM: It is a scheme developed by AICTE that provides scholarships to differently abled students, thereby encouraging and supporting them to take up technical education.
Skills Assessment Matrix for Vocational Advancement for Youth (SAMVAY): It allows vertical and lateral mobility to the vocational education system through its seamless integration with academic knowledge.
Kaushal Kendras: A total of 100 ‘Deen Dayal Upadhyay Centres for Knowledge Acquisition and Upgradation of Skilled Human Abilities and Livelihood’ (KAUSHAL) would be set up. They will have courses formulated and curriculum set in accordance with the need in industry and entrepreneurship.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan: A transformational scheme where IIT, IISER, and NIT will adopt villages and development suitable technologies for sustainable development of those places, along with local community participation.
Shaala Darpan: Moving ahead with the technological knowledge and transparency, Shaala Darpan is an ICT program that provides mobile access to parents of students of Government schools. They can view their child’s attendance, assignments, and achievement records.
Research parks: The objective is to create a Knowledge and Innovation Ecosystem through collaboration between industry and academia. It will enable the development of cutting-edge technology and innovation as per global standards.
- Digital campaign for promoting cashless transactions in educational institutions.
- The no-detention policy that was applicable on students of class 5 and 6 has been done away with.
- The University Grants Commission has ruled that students are not allowed to pursue two regular degrees together.
Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has been established as a SPV within a PSU bank or government owned NBFC, that would fund the creation of quality civil and laboratory infrastructure in premier educational institutions. It would also mobilize funds from corporates.
National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEIT): Giving digitalization a major push, NMEIT is about content generation and providing connectivity. It includes SAKSHAT education portal, virtual labs, National Digital Library, e-Yantra, and e-Kalpa. All these schemes incorporate advanced experiments and learning, making best use of ICT.
Keeping gender disparity in mind, several crucial steps have been taken to ensure greater enrollment of girls and reduction in drop-out rates. India is a multi-cultural and secular society, and hence minority upliftment remains a top priority. With an ever-increasing prioritization of both primary and higher education, the goals set under the New Education Policy will soon be realized.