Free 800 Words Essay on Pros and Cons of the Paris Climate Agreement for School and College Students.
The Accord de Paris, or Paris Climate Agreement as it is better known as, was signed on December 12th, 2015, by 195 UNFCCC members, and was ratified by 145 of them. The accord is part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and will come into effect from 2020. The Paris Agreement deals with the global issue of greenhouse gas emission mitigation, finance, and adaptation. As part of the agreement, the signing countries are not given any particular target, but themselves decide and declare the role they will play in reducing global warming.
Off the face of it, the Climate Agreement seems like a great deal. Countries working together to treat the environment and make the world a better and healthier place to live in, what’s not to like? Turns out, however, all is not as good as it seems. In this article, let’s take a look at the pros and cons of the Paris Climate Agreement.
The good things about the deal
Positive effects of Paris Climate Agreement
The planet stands a chance
The last climate change convention that took place in Copenhagen was pretty much a fiasco, with none of the leaders being able to come to any definite policies. While the Paris Agreement is certainly far from perfect, there is no doubt that it is a definite step toward dealing with global warming. If the countries do hold up their promises- even if at least some of them do- some positive change is bound to occur. The average global temperature has been decided to not exceed 2 degree Celsius, which will go a long way toward bettering the current climate. The best part is that countries with huge carbon footprints have sealed the deal here, like India and China.
The countries recognize the need for immediate action
The Paris Climate Agreement does not set any standards for the signatories, but accepts voluntary pledges. In accordance to this system, over 180 countries have submitted their pledges, including India and China, two of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases. This shows that global warming is being seen as a serious threat by most nations across the world, something which is absolutely necessary to launch a joint combat against the issue.
The process will be transparent
With no legally binding contract, the question might arise of how the contribution made by the nations can be tracked. The process will be very transparent, with an expert technical review team assessing the progress made by each nation, and outlining further goals in accordance to their progress. Each participating country has to report to the review team every two years.
The bad things about the deal
Negative Effects of Paris Climate Agreement
Despite all the good things going on, there are some things that critics of the Paris Agreement have pointed out.
The agreement is missing out on important parts
The Paris Climate Agreement excludes pretty big factors that contribute to global warming, such as aviation and shipping emissions. This does not seem consistent with the Agreement’s pledge to deal with global warming from all angles; the total amount of yearly shipping and aviation emissions worldwide is equal to the yearly emissions of Germany and United Kingdom, which is a great deal to keep adding to the environment.
The money is not enough
USD 100 has been allocated as funds for the climate change initiatives. Around 670 USD of this amount will be given to the developing and underdeveloped nations to help with their contribution; however, according to experts, the sum actually needed to stop global warming is USD 1000 at least. This means a huge shortfall of funds in this area.
The deal is rather vague
This is the biggest problem with the Climate Agreement. Since no specific guidelines have been given, countries are free to submit their own list of contributions. As a result, not many of these contributions are really concrete, tending to harness revolutionary technology that will bring about change. Note that said revolutionary technologies have neither been described nor referred to by name and function. In fact, vague nomenclature seems to be the biggest issue plaguing the Agreement. On the discussion about non-renewable energy, no nation has been pointed out as the biggest user of such energy, nor has any example of such energy been cited. That way, the Agreement remains largely open to interpretation.
The Paris Climate Agreement is not the best the nations can do; there are ample flaws and shortcomings. However, there is no denying that this is a good start, nevertheless. The biannual reviews will be there to ensure course correction, and we can be hopeful that, should the countries all do their bit, the world will have a more livable atmosphere by 2100, and the chances of losing major cities and towns to rising sea levels will be considerably minimized.