Free 770 words essay on Electric Vehicles in India for school and college students.
Electric vehicles are no less than a revolution in the market given the extreme concerns of climate change and pressing need for a shift to renewable energy sources. The legitimate demand is to minimize the usage of highly polluting fossil fuels that produce greenhouse gas emissions which have debilitating effects on the environment and ecology. Almost all advanced nations are making genuine strides in developing this technology and promoting the use of electric cars. India is one of the biggest emitters of pollutant gases and shares the global burden of environmental clean-up. Henceforth, the Indian government is reportedly trying to make India an electric vehicle nation. The vision is to create an all-electric passenger car market by 2030. This aspiration can make India the largest adopter of electric mobility. Vienna Energy Forum calls this as the “largest energy transformation project in the world” that is tantamount to the mass replacement into the LED lighting system.
An ecosystem is being created for electric cars. The government is already working on a new auto policy to accommodate the new market push. From December 2017, state owned Energy Efficiency Services (EESL) will float tenders for 25,000 electric rickshaws. EESL has also invited global bids for 10,000 e-sedans and 4,000 charging points. This would also be done in case of electric autos to aggregators in public transport. The contenders for this project are Mahindra & Mahindra, Lohia Auto, Electrotherm, and Kinetic Green. The infrastructure for swapping and charging is likely to be undertaken by NTPC and Power Grid Corporation of India. E-rickshaw is to be powered by a lead-acid battery that will keep costs low, except Mahindra vehicles that would work on lithium-ion batteries. It would be able to cover 80km with one charge. Kinetic Green, a leading player in this segment has collaborated as a strategic partner with shared electric mobility company SmartE. Together they will introduce 10,000 electric three-wheelers in India in a stipulated time of 18 months. They have already released the first batch of 500 vehicles in Gurgaon partnering with Delhi Metro Rail, HSIIDC, and Rapid Metro Gurgaon. In a bid to push electric mobility, the aim is to put 1 million electric three-wheelers on road in 18 months’ time.
Several key companies have taken significant initiatives in this direction. Cummins India has invested in the R&D on electric mobility solutions for India. Hyundai Motors is making investments in supplier components of electric cars. An electric bus was launched by Ashok Leyland in 2016. Since batteries are expensive and not manufactured in India, the government is making hot pursuits in that direction. Road and Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari has already made clear his intentions of swift policy changes towards renewable energy diversification. Industry data has suggested that electric car sales in India are negligible, and hence the government’s determination to emancipate this important segment.
Tata Motors is about to launch the electric version of its best-selling car Tiago, alongside the electric version of Nano Car. Mahindra & Mahindra have rolled out e-Verito and are now set to launch electric versions of Supro. Japanese Nissan Motor’s Leaf is the world’s largest selling fully electric car that provides a driving range of 400 km. It can make its entry into the Indian market in 2018. French carmaker Renault has showcased Zoe, the fully electric model that gives a range of 400 km. Luxury German giant Mercedes Benz will roll-out its electric vehicles in India by 2020. Similarly, the hybrid or all-electric version of Audi can hit the market at the same time. Interestingly, Tata’s Jaguar Land Rover will make the entry of its electric or hybrid powertrain option by 2020.
The International Energy Agency reports that India will have to sell more than 10 million electric cars in 2030. Operation of such large number of e-vehicles would require a massive charging infrastructure. Other than the strategic location of charging points, home charging facilities need to be mulled over. There is another issue of job losses as electric car manufacturing and assemblage requires a lesser number of workers. This potential disruption has to be kept in mind. Electric cars cannot be the end of technology and it has to be superseded with superior advancements such as hydrogen powered cars. Furthermore, the role of cab aggregators has to be taken into serious consideration as they would be required to make necessary changes in their fleet. One cannot sideline the contribution of Tesla Motors owned to Elon Musk in making electric cars desirable and stylish. Their technology demonstration and models are incredible. The Indian government is making serious attempts in attracting investments from Tesla, and possibilities of collaboration in future are high. Keeping the economics of manufacturing, technical and commercial challenges in tandem with each other, encouragement of electric vehicles is a pioneering initiative.