Essay on Life of Mahatma Gandhi – The NonViolent Warrior of Indian Independence

Free 547 words Essay on Life of Mahatma Gandhi – The NonViolent Warrior of Indian Independence for school and college students

The word ‘Mahatma’ can be linked only to a person who was capable enough to send the colonist British back to their lands just with the weapon called ‘nonviolence’. Mahatma Gandhi is also known as ‘Bapu’ or the Father of Nation in India.

Essay on life of Mahatma Gandhi

His early life

Despite belonging from a privileged section, he was educated properly. His father was the Chief Minister of Porbandar. Kasturba Makhanji became his better half in 1883 when both of them were 13 years old. He took the family’ wish to become a lawyer and went studying at the University College London at the age of 18.

After learning about many religions while getting educated in the discipline of law, he got a contractual job in South Africa for a year. He stayed there for 21 long years and witnessed the disgraceful biases and racism. He was once thrown away by the white people from the first class despite possessing a proper ticket. The racial bias ignited the revolutionary flame in him.

His contribution in Indian Independence

He returned to India in the year 1916 and eventually developed a non-violent practice and continuously raised awareness against the oppression of the British Rule in Bihar. Being the leader of the Indian National Congress (INC) he reconstructed the principle of the party around the thoughts of ‘Swaraj’ and lead Indians to boycott the foreign goods. He served 2 years of sentence thereafter.

He became very famous among the Indians as a leader for everyone. He led a huge mass for a 250 miles protest march against the British salt tax introduced in 1930. He fought for the birth rights of the then ‘untouchables’, valiantly worked for Women rights and motivated entire India for an independent nation for the future generation, free from the foreign rule.

He famously quoted “You must be the change you wish to see in the world”. He eventually became a terrifying personality to the British. Even some fundamentalist Indians did not comply with his way of approach. There were six different assassination attempts made on him. He bravely quoted “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.

Quit India Movement 

The Second World War proved to be fatal for the British rule in India. His ‘swaraj’ movement to free India from the shackles of the foreign rule reached its peak. He started the ‘Quit India Movement’ which eventually led to worst incidents of civil uprising. In 9th August 1942 he was arrested with his wife. She died just 3 months before their release.

The British took the ‘divide and rule’ policy and started planning to create two nations by communal disharmony. Mahatma Gandhi saw it coming and warned everyone in the INC influential leaders yet all decided to go with the division proposal.

After huge pressure from the war and unrest in India, the British left Indian soil in 5th August 1947 but left a divided nation of two main communities. He diligently tried to bring the peace between the communities back on track. The last attempt of assassination from Nathuram Godse took him away leaving the grieving Indians behind in 30th January 1948. In his last breath, he uttered ‘He Ram’ which is inscribed in his shrine.


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