Free 840 words essay on Foreign Policy of India for school and college students.
India is world’s largest democracy, a reliable soft power, and the fastest growing large economy. In a world of extraordinary power struggles, hard-nosed diplomacy, and geopolitical quagmire, India has attained the position of being a friendly nation with widespread ties across each continent. Surrounded by two hostile neighbors China and Pakistan, both of which have fought wars with it, India stands on the most strategic location of Asia. The southern region of peninsular India lies the enormous Indian Ocean, over which crosses the world’s most important trade routes. Having fought several wars with Pakistan, a victim of perpetual transgression of its borders in Kashmir, and an ongoing terrorism issue causing innumerable casualties, India is constantly at a grave security risk. Henceforth, it has aligned the major chunk of its foreign policy keeping in mind its geostrategic location and national interest.
As soon as Prime Minister Narendra Modi ascended to the top position, he embarked on a full-fledged revamp of India’s foreign policy, taking strides to improve the nation’s prestige worldwide. Most appreciably, he invited the heads of state of SAARC nations to his swearing-in ceremony, a symbolic gesture that sends out a strong message of willingness to improve ties with neighboring countries. After the ‘Gujaral doctrine’ and ‘Look East Policy’ that concentrated on India’s bilateral relations with its neighbors, a new ‘Act East Policy’ was initiated to incorporate India’s eastern neighbors as well as ASEAN nations into a common commercial and security thread. This would invariably help in the economic development of North-east states, that have cultural, linguistic, and economic ties with those countries.
When it comes to big power nations, India has almost neglected its erstwhile Non-alignment policy and has extended greater integration with the United States, a major shift in foreign policy. Its trade relations with the US has crossed over a $100 and Indian diaspora continues to be one of the nation’s strongest lobbying force. Recently, India and US signed a Logistics and Exchange Memorandum Agreement (LEMOA) on security paradigm and is preparing grounds to sign CISMOA and BECA agreements soon. In fact, under the present Trump administration, India is considered as a valuable non-NATO ally. Snubbing Pakistan’s state-sponsored terrorism, India has raised this issue on almost every bilateral or multilateral platform that has been consequential in tough words from world’s biggest powers. One of India’s biggest diplomatic victories is the withholding of the US-based foreign aid to Pakistan, as the latter is accused of harboring some of the deadliest militants and Taliban commanders.
Among other western nations, India has developed a great bonhomie with the European Union, although free trade talks continue to be a laggard owing to regulatory and taxation methodologies. With France and Germany, India has cooperated appreciably in the climate change negotiations. The post-Brexit United Kingdom is likely to have a great integration with Indian economy. Most western powerful nations have backed India’s demands of entry into the elite missile regime, the Nuclear Supplier’s Group and have almost reiterated all the security concerns associated with cross-border terrorism. The EU nations itself suffering from terrorist attacks and a huge refugee crisis has made attempts to sanction Pakistan.
India and China relations met a dangerous face-off in Doklam region of Bhutan when troops of both nations scuffled over the territorial claims of the region. Although India and China share world’s longest disputed border, there hasn’t been a permanent solution but a temporary truce. This tense border situation had brought relations to a low, given the jingoistic war-cry from the Chinese media. Nevertheless, India sustained the pressure and China had to retreat its soldiers immediately before the BRICS summit that was slated to be in a Chinese city. Trade relations continue to be skewed in China’s favor, however, it remains to be an important partner in the international arena and hence India aims to engage with it at multiple levels of diplomatic architecture.
One of India’s most reliable ally Russia has seen weakening of ties and lesser bilateral and security engagement. Although Russia has been an all-weather friend, its continuous animosity with western counties and act of annexation in Crimea has put New Delhi in a complicated situation. However, there are alarming signs of Russia getting closer to China and Pakistan, India is trying to re-ignite ties. Japan on the other hand, has proven to be great ally developing a cozy and warm relationship with India, the credit of which goes to both PM Modi and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe. Japan has extended an enormous loan to India for the construction of a bullet train and continues to invest in Indian infrastructure quite significantly. Among other important nations is Israel, with which India has developed a strong strategic partnership owing to the defence-related trade. Also, India has developed amicable relations with the Middle east nations, both Iran and Saudi Arabia.
As India has accentuated itself on an economic recovery path, it has started receiving huge amounts of foreign direct investment. Major geopolitical shifts occur daily and India is taking considerably positive steps to bring it in a favorable position.