Free 840 words essay on HUMAN RIGHTS for school and college students.
For centuries millions have suffered crimes against humanity. Human rights are inherent to all human beings irrespective of their nationality, ethnicity, religion, language or any other status. These rights founded on the principle of universality are often expressed and guaranteed by law.
Features of Human rights:
Universal and inalienable:
The principle of universality is the foundation of international human rights law. In the 1993 Vienna world conference on human rights, states were given the responsibility to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. Human rights are inalienable as they cannot be taken away except in some specific situations.
Interdependent and indivisible:
All rights are interdependent as enhancement of one right has a cascading effect on other rights likewise deprivation of one right adversely impacts the others.
Equal and non-discriminatory:
The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality as stated in article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “all humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights”.
Both rights and obligation:
States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfill human rights.
International Human Rights Law:
The international human rights movement was strengthened with the adoption of UDHR (Universal declaration of human rights) on 10th December 1948. For the first time, it was declared that basic civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights to be enjoyed by all human beings. Overall, United Nations remains the central global institution for formulating and implementing international norms but the number of actors involved has grown exponentially.
The locus of activity on human rights is shifting to a regional level reflecting the specific human rights concern. Regional organizations are assumed as the first line of defense and are better able to combat issues pertaining to human rights unique to a particular problem. Incorporation of human rights in the constitution is stepped forward to provide legal protection. By becoming parties to international treaties states are obligated to protect individual and group against human right abuses. This principle is explicitly mentioned in the UN Charter, which calls on member states to “make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies” before approaching the UNSC. Major regional organizations such as – Organizations of American States, African Union, European Union has integrated human rights in their mandate and established courts for appeal if a nation violated their rights. The major impact of regional organizations could be seen in Niger slavery regulations and Brazilian spousal abuse.
Many international organizations provide technical assistance such:
OFFICE OF HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS: It provides array assistance through an array of field offices by providing training to law enforcement and judicial officials. Major highlights of OHCHR- Cambodian legal and institutional framework for human rights system and assisting Mexico in development of a national program on Human Rights.
USAID: US Agency for International Development has provided billions of dollars support to promote economic and civil rights by supporting good governance, transparency building and civil society projects worldwide. USAID helped Liberia to bring rule of law by providing training to Judges.
Amnesty International: Established in the year 1961, this human rights group is a campaign to obliterate the abuse against humanity and has a presence in more than 150 nations. The issues they are working on our arms control, armed conflict, corporate accountability, the death penalty, detention, disappearances, discrimination, freedom of expression, indigenous people’s rights, international justice, asylum seekers and refugee problems, sexual and reproductive rights, and torture. It publishes one of the most credible reports of human rights abuses across the globe.
Human Rights Watch: This non-profit, non-governmental organization with its diverse team of professionals including journalists, country experts, lawyers, and academics has been instrumental in exposing facts and fighting against abuses. It published hundreds of reports and collaborates with local human rights group worldwide.
United Nations: Gender-specific organization such as United Nation Security Council resolution 1325 helped in recognizing that women are not adequately consulted and integrated into peace processes.
The world has turned into a battleground where demagoguery, ruthless political ambitions, façade of the geopolitical shift, territorial disputes, and ethnic violence has created a new space for state-sponsored human rights abuses. Proxy wars between major powers have crushed humanity and gouged out the remnants of faith. Persecution of refugees from war-torn Arab and African nations, man-made famines of Somalia and Yemen, incarceration of innocent residents caught up in a brutal dictatorship, and the scourge of terrorism has cast its evil shadow on the world. This makes up the case for the gross violations of basic rights of individuals. The emboldened states and cold-blooded tyrants have to face the wrath of human rights organizations, but a collective effort is missing. Some recent factors such as the rise of global populism, weak counterterrorism efforts, and tragic loss of education for millions of abandoned children pose a grave threat to humanity and needs to be addressed for existence to continue. Benevolent organizations are doing their best, yet unless States rise against any brutality, things might remain under jeopardy.