Free 770 words essay on Human Trafficking for school and college students.
One of the most gruesome crimes committed by one human against the other is human trafficking. This serious crime is a gross violation of human rights of an individual. The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines ‘Trafficking’ as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. This grave offense has been criminalized by the international law, valid across the world with its own legislative threshold.
This method of modern slavery is potentially a multi-billion-dollar criminal industry that affects more than 20 million people. The statistics posted by the International Labor Bureau are startling. Out of the 20.9 million trafficked individuals, 68% are put into forced labor, 26% of them are children, and 55% are women and girls. Their estimate of the net worth of this nefarious business is $150 billion. It is the second largest and fastest organized crime in the world. It is said that every 26 seconds, a child is sold into slavery.
Sex trafficking forms a huge chunk of the statistics, almost 83%. It revolves around power and control. The methods used are intimidation where traffickers use force to harm the victims, destroy property, and lies about police involvement. They use coercion and emotional abuse, create dependence by convincing victims into the trap. Victims are kept in isolation and deny them all the human rights. They are sexually abused by multiple people and treated as objects for monetary gain. Gender roles are made subservient and nationalities are misused to suggest superiority. Victims of all age, ethnicities, sex, nationalities, etc, are forbidden from financial independence, and deliberately kept under suppression and debt bondage. Prostitution is the most illegitimate consequence of human trafficking where millions of women are forced to sell their bodies in exchange for money. They suffer from mental, physical and emotional abuse. Many get affected with HIV/AIDS and get stuck in the vicious cycle forever. The victims can belong to any group, runaway and homeless youth, people affected by domestic violence, natural disaster, war, and social discrimination. It occurs in several fake massage businesses, escort services, brothels, dance bars, hotels, street shops, etc.
Labor trafficking is another phenomenon where the traffickers can be recruiters, employers, contractors, etc. They often make false promises of high paying jobs and eventually force vulnerable people into slavery, even in horrendous conditions. Victims are paid less, their passports confiscated and harmed with physical and psychological abuse. Industries, where they are often forced into, are agriculture, construction, domestic work, and manufacturing.
There are some visible signs of people who are trafficked. Some of the prominent ones are branding scars, burns, tattoos, malnourishment, serious dental issues, disorientation, physical signs of abuse, coached responsiveness, reluctance towards an explanation for injuries, anxiety, paranoia, sleep deprivation, drug addiction, infections, etc.
Victims are incapable of proclaiming their own freedom as they’re dangerously intimidated and have no sense of security for their own lives or of loved ones. There are multiple methods of disseminating information about their plight. It is necessary to read, write and talk about them. One can join various anti-trafficking initiatives, such as the Polaris Project or other human rights groups. The Amnesty International has identified a list of human rights abuses sex workers have to undergo. They are rape, violence, extortion, arbitrary arrest and detention, forced eviction, harassment, discrimination, and lack of legal redress. They suggest that the government identify the victims and protect them from such horrible exposure, arrange their rehabilitation, and guarantee their health, education, and basic facilities. Criminal nexus has to be destroyed to curb this organized crime. Amnesty even suggests that decriminalization of sex work can help reduce human trafficking.
There are few prominent organizations in this fight for freedom. They are Trafficking Policy and Advocacy: Polaris Project, Second-Generation Trafficking: Prajwala, Statelessness and Child Trafficking: COSA, Trafficking of Young Men and Boys: Urban Light, Child Labor: GoodWeave, and The Issue of Choice: Empower Foundation. Some methods suggested to stop this evil could begin from starting a club or organization to spread the message, then possibly lobbying local policymakers, hold an event to raise awareness etc. Events or research can be launched or working into an anti-trafficking organization, pursuing a fellowship, and many more robust initiatives to eradicate the terror of trafficking. Global governments need to join hands to work against the scourge of this menace that still haunts humanity.