Free 750 words essay on Indian Flag for school and college students.
The National Flag is the pride of a nation, a manifestation of patriotism and values that the citizens of the country sincerely pursue. The story of Indian flag is incomplete without the Indian National Movement against the colonial rule of British for more than two centuries. Designed by Pingali Venkayya, who himself was a freedom fighter, the Indian flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before the independence of India. It is to be made, by law, of Khadi which is a special hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk.
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Made of three distinct colors, saffron represents courage and sacrifice, white represents truth, peace, and purity, and green represents prosperity. The white band in the middle consists of a symbol, Ashok Chakra that represents the Laws of Dharma or righteousness. It is navy-blue in color and has twenty-four evenly spaced spokes, and has been derived from the Dharma Chakra of Emperor Ashoka. Interestingly, before Ashok Chakra was adopted, the flag consisted of the symbol of spinning wheel symbolizing Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of self-reliance. This version was modified so that it becomes acceptable to the massively diversified community of India. The only licensed producer and supplier of Indian national flag are Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha.
A specific flag code is associated with the Indian flag which states that the length of the flag should be 1.5 times its width. Also, the width of each band of color should be the same in color and dimensions. Ashok Chakra can be either printed or painted on both sides of the flag. Furthermore, the display and use of the national flag is subject to a particular protocol guided by Flag Code of India, 2002; Prevention to Insult to National Honor Act, 1975; and Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950. Any violation of these underlying provisions is a punishable offense. There are additional regulations associated with the honor of Indian flag such as it can’t touch the ground or water, and cannot be used in any form of drapery in any circumstance. Inscription of any letter is not permissible. If the flag is hoisted in the open, it must be flown in the time interval between sunrise and sunset. As flags are always there in public buildings all the time, the protocol is to hoist it on a well-illuminated tall flagpole. Moreover, the maintenance of the flag in the proper state is a mandatory responsibility of not just authorities but all citizens. If Indian national flag has to be hoisted with another flag, then both must be displayed as spread out in crossed staffs. The salutation of the flag has to be accompanied with the national anthem. A certain number of dignitaries have the privilege of flying the national flag on their vehicles such as President, the Vice-President or the Prime Minister, Governors and Lieutenant Governors of states, Chief Ministers, Union Ministers, members of the Parliament of India and state legislatures of the Indian states, judges of the Supreme Court of India and High Courts, and flag officers of the Army, Navy and Air Force.
Respected freedom fighter Bhikaji Rustam Kama was the first Indian who had raised the Indian flag in a foreign country, which is Germany. The state administrative headquarters of Maharashtra holds the largest flag atop its building that has a measurement of 21*14 feet. Since private citizens are not allowed to hoist a flag, noted industrialist Naveen Jindal filed a Public Interest Litigation in the Supreme Court to abolish this provision. Subsequently, the Union Cabinet of India amended the Indian Flag Code to allow private citizens to hoist the flag on any day of the year, subject to their safeguarding the dignity, honor, and respect for the flag. Indian national flag was even hoisted at the highest peak Mount Everest in the year 1953. The flag was taken to space on board Apollo-15 in 1971. In an Indo-Soviet space flight in 1984, astronaut Rakesh Sharma wore a space suit that had the medallion of the Indian national flag. The use of the flag is forbidden on uniforms or any other clothing.
Half-mast of Indian national flag is to symbolize mourning, the time and process of which is decided by the President of India. If soldiers of military or central para-military forces are deceased, their coffin is draped with the national flag as a mark of respect for their sacrifice for the nation. The flag not just upholds the integrity and unity of India, but also reminds us of the struggle our forefathers have relentlessly pursued to achieve the dream of a free and democratic India.