Free 845 words essay on achievements of ISRO for school and college students.
9 REASONS WHY WE ARE PROUD OF ISRO’S ACHIEVEMENTS.
The Indian Space Research Organization was founded in 1969 on the efforts of the then-Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Originally, the space agency was called INCOSPAR, but was superseded by ISRO. Since then, the Indian space agency has helmed numerous space programs to make the country proud, and has gone on to achieve milestones that set parameters for the rest of the world to follow. Today, ISRO is widely considered one of the best space agencies in the globe, and is unanimously one of the most promising young space programs to watch out for in the coming decades.
Here, let us take a look at the greatest achievements of the Indian Space Research Organization that made every Indian, and humanity in general, proud.
- THE MARS ORBITER MISSION
In 2014, ISRO launched its Mars Orbiter Mission, or MOM, called the Mangalayan. The purpose of the launch was to collect further information about the red planet. The launch made headlines for a number of reasons: India became only the fourth country to successfully reach Mars, after the Soviet Union, NASA, and European Space program. This was also the first mission to successfully reach Mars at the very first attempt, and at a 450 crore budget, the most inexpensive Mars mission so far.
- 104 SATELLITES AT ONE GO
On February 2017, ISRO launched its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C37), carrying a staggering 1104 satellites to be launched into space. The mission was eminently successful, and broke the record set by Russia’s launch of 37 satellites from a single vehicle.
- THE NAVIC
The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, operational name NAVIC, is a work in progress by the ISRO. The project began after it received the green signal from the Indian government in 2006, and when it is completed, India will become one of the only 5 countries in the world to have its own navigation system. Currently, India is dependent on the American Global positioning System or GPS, which costs the country precious money and is not always guaranteed in hostile situations. When the NAVIC is in place, India will have an independent navigation system.
- THE MOON MISSION
In 2008, India launched its unmanned lunar probe, aptly named the Chandrayan, making India one of the only 8 countries to have successfully sent an orbiter to the moon. The mission was aimed at garnering more information about the topography and climate of the moon. The Indian flag hoisted on the moon surely made every Indian heart swell with joy. Sadly, ISRO lost contact with the orbit, but it is still considered one of their greatest achievements yet.
- SMALL BUDGET, BIG RETURNS
ISRO is known across the globe for its highly cost-effective missions. All its ventures, from the Mangalayan to the PSLV-C37, were low in cost, in fact, the lowest in the world. The Mars Orbiter Mission cost only 450 crore rupees, which is really measly as far as interplanetary space missions go. The PSLV-C37 cost only 15 million dollars, whereas NASA’s satellites were sent to space after spending upwards of 100 million dollars.
- HEAVIEST COMMERCIAL MISSION
India provides incredibly lucrative prices for launching commercial satellites into space, and on July 2015, ISRO launched the heaviest commercial mission so far into space. The mission carried a load of 1440 kg, and 5 satellites by Surrey Satellite Technology Limited from the United Kingdom were launched successfully into space.
India’s space missions took flight, quite literally, in 1975, when ISRO build and launched the country’s first satellite. Named Aryabhatta after the ancient astronomer, the satellite was built entirely on Indian ground, making it a first and catapulting India into the map of formidable space-faring nations.
- THE REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE
This is one of the greatest achievements of ISRO, and part of its small cost big return motto. They are very cost-effective, having cost only 95 crores to build. What is even better is that they are meant for multiple uses, so you can only imagine their strength and stamina.
- A MARK ON THE WORLD
ISRO is currently working on sending a probe to Venus, which will take off sometime around 2021-22. The agency is being noticed by the bigshots of the space-faring universe, with Russia awarding ISRO 14 million dollars for the study of manned missions, NASA wishing to communicate with India’s satellites, and France expressing interest in collaborating with India on ISRO’s next Mars mission.
India’s achievements at its space program successfully rub the collective nose of the skeptics who feel that a country still suffering from economic and population problems should not indulge in the luxury of a space program. As eminent scientist, former President, and helmsman of the ISRO A.P.J. Abdul Kalam noted, it is myopic to look at a space program as a luxury, since this is an important achievement to be made if a country is to be reckoned with in international circuits, and a space program is ultimately meant for the development of the nation and its people.