Free 680 words essay on Middle Class Family in India for school and college students.
India is a multicultural, multiethnic, multi-religious and multi-linguistic society. The ancient civilization juxtaposed with a colonial heritage has shaped the history and society of the nation. The social stratification has been an evolutionary process and so, has their economic influence. Generally, in a human society there are three classes, the affluent social class, the middle class, and the impoverished or poor class. Evidently, the Indian society too has these three features where the rich and poor have been existing historically, however, the middle-class upsurge is a recent phenomenon. Presently, the growth story of India is driven by as well as for this class.
Middle class in India was an unknown or unrealized section when India snatched independence from the economically draining British rule. Indians were either rich, elite and educated or extremely poor, hungry, and backwards. British policies were always favorable to the elites to gain their unwavering support, whereas it was acutely exploitative towards the poor. After independence, the visionary leaders of India made sincere attempts to bring about social upliftment and empowerment of the erstwhile poor sections of society. Green Revolution can be called as the turning point of the growth story as India started gaining self-dependence in matters of food security. The entire agricultural boost to production turned out to be revolutionary not just commercially but also, socially. New classes emerged and even ventured into politics. There was an involuntary engagement and mobilization of the middle class.
The next big incident was the economic reforms of 1991. India was witnessing a whirlwind of economic reforms that included liberalization, globalization, and privatization. There was a gradual but substantial increase in the economic condition of the people of India. As the private sector began making huge investments in Indian economy, some of the biggest MNCs and franchises opened up in India. The Information Technology and Communications sector boomed. Meanwhile, the Indian government began divesting its shares from public sector companies, allowed greater foreign direct investment, reduced bureaucratic hurdles in doing business, and multiple reforms were facilitated. The consequences were massive improvements in the Indian economy and thereby standards of living. As the businesses boomed, the purchasing power of Indians improved drastically. Government collected more taxes and salaries of employees increased. Production increased and the demand of services began rising to the zenith. All of these spectacular changes occurred quickly within two decades post LPG reforms. Indian economy is still one of the world’s fastest growing economies. The complete exercise gave rise to the Indian middle class, basically implying to a large section of people with moderate income and urban lifestyle.
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Most of this middle class resides in urban settlements of towns and cities across the country. The commercial advertisements are mostly targeting this section to publicize their products. It is for this class that the government is making massive policy decisions for their welfare. They are the biggest consumers of FMCG products, electronics equipment or gadgets, etc. They form a huge chunk of voters as well, and hence appeased appropriately by the political circles. The Indian middle class is educated, smart, aware of their vicissitudes, and vibrant in their outlook. Although they suffer from certain deficiencies at their own level, which may be financial or social, they have made a great life for themselves. Most of these families send their children to good school, approve of extra-curricular activities, indulge in travel and tourism, spend time for entertainment, and stay away from superstitions and prejudices. It is a welcome and encouraging move for Indian society which has remained stuck in old dogmas and obsolete traditions for a very long time.
Although the Indian middle class has performed their functions and duties in a great manner, their welfare must not dwarf the sufferings of the poor class. India is a land of wealth and talent. Better distribution to create a genuine welfare state demands the government to pay due attention to the unfortunate and impoverished section of society. More number of people need to be included into this fold and absorb benefits of this happy and ambitious middle class, which is an asset to the nation.