Free 800 words essay on how to promote education in Rural India for school and college students.
India has the privilege of having a favorable and booming demographic dividend at the time when much of the world’s economic superpowers are ageing and falling short of workforce. However, in order to ensure that this unique demography becomes an asset and not liability, Indian education system has to undergo transformational changes in its functioning and outcome. The success of ambitious Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Right to Education Act unless their operations are successful in rural India where a majority of population resides. Education is the best way to bring social change.
Right to Education
This legally enforceable Act ensures that every child between the age of 6-14 receives free and compulsory elementary education, and has been given the stature of a fundamental right. Under this provision, underprivileged and marginalized students are entitled to get admissions even in private schools as 25% reservation has been guaranteed to them. If capable students from rural background are facilitation of transparent enrollment in these schools, there are stronger chances of rural upgradation as well as universalization of education.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan and Inclusive Education
Education brings enlightenment and transformation in an individual. SSA provides the adequate measures to bring a positive change in promotion of education in rural areas. Some of its essential provisions are:
- Strengthening of school infrastructure
- Provide adequate number of teachers in schools
- Promoting community participation
- Bridging social, gender, and regional gaps in literacy
- Promoting education of girl child and attain gender parity
- Providing digital education
On the top of that, further measures that can be taken for emancipation in rural areas could be the following:
- Role of Panchayat Members in promoting inclusive education
- Frequent parent and teacher interaction
- Incentivization of education for children
- Parents who don’t send their children to school and send them to work instead must be counseled. Those parents can be given employment under MGNREGA while the children are free to attend schools.
- Quality improvement of Mid-Day Meal Scheme
- Formulation of village monitoring committees to report on absenteeism
It is important to bring the Scheduled Castes of India to the mainstream education and at the forefront to national development. The total literacy rate of tribals in India is 47.1. Their peripheral employment and lifestyle remains a challenge that needs to be accommodated in policymaking. The government needs to address the following challenges:
- Psychological and social factors such as low literacy rates of parents and exclusion
- Minimal social interaction between teachers and students
- Superstition, prejudice, and religious preponderance over education
- Scattered population of tribals with low density
- Competency and suitability of teachers
- Linguistic issues and tribal dialects that are rudimentary
- School drop-outs
Improvement in Child Nutrition
The Government of India has operationalized multiple schemes to fight against malnutrition that remains the biggest obstacle in student enrollment or dropouts in rural areas.
- Integrated Child development Services
- Kishori Shakti Yojana
- Rajiv Gandhi scheme for empowerment of adolescent girls
- Mid-day Meals Program
- National food security Mission
- Targeted Public Distribution System
- Antyodaya anna Yojana
- National Rural Health Mission
Nevertheless, failure at the level of governance has highlighted several shortcomings in implementation of these schemes and service delivery. The government needs to put exaggerated efforts in these areas to fulfill their constitutional obligations.
Shift in public policy
Certain measures recommended by experts are:
- Social audit of the implementation of schemes
- Monitoring of government officials and authority
- Simplification in the implementation of ICDS
- Effective cross-ministry mechanism for service delivery
- Involvement of historically excluded schemes
- Frequent monitoring of nutrition status mechanism of children
Improving Rural Livelihoods
The role of Panchayati Raj institutions would play an important role in development at the grassroots level. Rural poverty is one of the most challenging issue. There is a need for mobilization of resources and emancipation of rural livelihood options. Only a multi-dimensional approach can address the multiple deprivation issues. A bottom-up approach has to be employed for capacity building of Gram Sabha which have extensive financial and administrative powers. They must be made more financially independent by innovative methods of revenue generation or fiscal devolution from the State government.
The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) and MGNREGA schemes have to regularly monitored and strengthened. It would give people scope and confidence to send their children to school.
The additional measures to be taken range from vocationalization of education and skill development to digitization of education. The rural poor must be encouraged to receive adequate educational benefits and reservation provisions from the government. Rural infrastructure and teacher-student ratio needs to be intensified and reinforced. Rural India deserves all the facilities like their urban counterparts. There is no dearth of talent in villages. Children from these communities can be equally contributive and responsible for the creation of a New India.