Free 700 words essay on Traffic Rules for school and college students.
Transportation today stands as the most significant entity of human existence at present. Nothing holds more importance and consequence as mobility. The present world shaped today with globalization was once started with two wheels. Now that transport traverses intercontinental boundaries transcending distances. Traffic rules play a vital role in handling this transportation framework when it concerns roadways, railways or airways. Each traffic management is a monumental task and employs colossal task force at the front end and complex algorithmic functions at the backend.
Road transport management is a humungous task, as it includes pedestrians, vehicles, buses, trucks, and other conveyances. Most of them travel the same lanes moving towards similar or converging distances. Presence of traffic laws prevent any disastrous collisions and streamline all vehicles in synchronization with each other to augment the speed and efficiency on the road. Traffic rules works on the rule of priority over lanes, right-of-way, and traffic control as intersections. Roads are supplemented with signboards, signals, interchange instructions, traffic lights, and in addition to that cops ready to provide direction and catch hold of the offenders. Each class of vehicle has its own specific speed limit and segregated easement. Rules are not always complicated and customized depending on the type of lanes and terrain. The whole system needs to be monitored 24×7 as any careless or breakdown of organization can result in catastrophic congestion and gridlock.
Rules of the road are predominantly managed by driving rules and etiquette before stringent rules. These rules itself define the interaction between motorists and pedestrians. Vienna Convention on Road Traffic under the authority of the United Nations forms the major international convention that oversees the traffic standards, in addition to the local variations and requirements.
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One of the basic rules of directionality is that bidirectional traffic has to be segregated at all means to avoid any collision or confusion. Every country has their own set of codified rules that defines regulations and punishments for violations. Priority of right of way rule defines the preference of who would have the right to go first. Traffic control devices have been standardized to deliver such instructions. Crosswalks are the places where pedestrians are given preference over vehicles and thus traffic signals are designated accordingly at these places. Although blinkers or indicators are always present in the vehicles to give the signal about any turn, it might cause inconvenience to other drivers behind. Hence, traffic rules and special dedicated lanes are often set up for that requirement. Besides, turning rules are not universal.
When it comes to intersections, Continental Europe uses the default rule of giving priority to the right turn, which can be overridden with markings or signs. UK has a concept of major and minor roads. In the United States the default priority is to yield the traffic from the right. Almost every roadway in the city have pedestrian crossings. There are vertical or horizontal parallel black and white lines. A traffic signal with the red, green and yellow color is a must to ensure pedestrian safety. A level crossing is an at-grade intersection at a railway or road, and has specific rules dependent mostly on the time of arrival of trains.
Traffic rules also encompasses speed limits that is well-defined in all nationalities in clear text and depending on the road types. The role of traffic cops is undeniable when it comes to compliance for the same from the public. The maneuver of overtaking is always discouraged in the public, and there are specific signs made on the roads to facilitate changing of lanes. Vienna Convention also mentions about lane designation and overtaking. Multi-lane highways are of different kinds such as expressways, super-highways or turnpikes. These along with limited access roads have their own set of traffic rules.
Quantitative data for different roads in different countries have been found same in the common spatiotemporal empirical features of traffic congestion. Rush hour or peak hour traffic rules are even more optimized as they are highly susceptible to congestion and logjams. The simulations of the traffic signals are done through queuing theory, stochastic processes, and equations of mathematical physics. Administrations also employ intelligent transportation systems (ITS) to monitor and control traffic. The primary aim is integration and optimization of traffic.