Essay on Indian Republic Day

Free 780 words essay on Indian Republic Day for school and college students.

A Brief Overview of the Indian Republic Day

In India, it is celebrated as the Republic Day. In Hungary, it’s A köztársaság emléknapja (the Memorial Day of the Republic), and in Guyana, it is Mashramani. Irrespective of the name it goes by and the country it is celebrated in, the groundwork is the same: Republic Day commemorates the day the nation became a republic.

Free Essay on Indian Republic Day

The Indian Republic Day is celebrated on the 26th of January each year. It is a national holiday, with public and most private organizations being closed in honour of the day, except for emergency services. Let us take an in-depth look at this very important day of our culture.

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The Indian Republic Day came to be recognized as the day on which India’s Constitution officially came into effect, on 26th January 1950. Prior to this, the Government of India act had been the principal document that formed the basis of the country’s administration. The Constitution was adopted on 29th November 1949, and its formal initiation took place on what is currently celebrated as the Republic Day.


The Indian Republic Day is celebrated in New Delhi with much pomp and splendor. The celebration is spread out over a period of three days, attended by Prime Minister of India, along with Heads of the different states and Union Territories, and select representatives. The presence of the states in the grand parade held in the Rajpath represents the cultural diversity and unity of India. The marching of the Indian Army, Navy, and Airforce, along with the paramilitary and civil forces, is a sight to behold. The President of India, who is the Commander in Chief of the Indian Army, takes the National Salute on the Beating Retreat Ceremony, which marks the closing of the 3rd and final Day of the celebrations.

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Republic Day is of course also celebrated on regional levels, in government and private institutions, although regular activity ceases for the day. Usually, the Indian flag is hoisted, with citizens taking part in performing arts and other cultural events. Usually, sweets are distributed among students in schools, and many clubs and social groups undertake distribution of food and other necessities among the underprivileged.


Sadly, the Indian Republic Day doesn’t hold much significance in the lives of the modern young man or woman. Videos on the internet and small surveys conducted by news channels display an appalling lack of interest and even awareness of the day, with people having no clue about what the day is all about. However, in more recent times, certain activities undertaken by commercial organizations have attempted to raise awareness about the day through social activities. For instance, one such organization encouraged the population to post videos describing what Republic Day signified to them; it can be safely inferred that the thousands of people who took up the challenge had to undertake some research on the topic.


In this age of advertisements, the Indian Republic Day has become yet another trope for commercial establishments to advertise their wares. Republic Day sales have become a common occurrence across online stores and their brick-and-mortar cousins. Restaurants offer special menus and discounts, and a whole new Republic Day line of digital ad print advertisements are released. The days leading up to the Republic Day sees a spike in the sale of flags and tricolor goods- from apparels to accessories.


Here are some facts about the Indian Republic Day that might have slipped your notice:

  1. Despite the n number of holidays that are granted on regional and national levels, Republic Day is actually one of the only three national or gazetted holidays, the other two being Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day.
  2. 26th January was not randomly chosen as the day for the formal initiation of the Indian Constitution; this was the day in 1930 when the Indian National Congress moved its motion demanding Purna Swaraj, or Declaration of Indian Independence, in opposition of the Dominion status that was accorded by the extant British Raj.
  3. The Republic Day staple- Abide with Me, that is played during the Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi, was a favourite of Mahatma Gandhi, and is a Christian hymn that was penned by Henry Francis Lyte.
  4. The 2017 Republic Day parade included, for the first time ever, a marching contingent of the military of the guest country, in this case, United Arab Emirates.
  5. Republic Day is the day for recognizing the men and women who have made the country a better place. The highest military and civilian awards like Kriti Chakra and Padma Bhushan are presented on this day.


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