Essay on Shaheed Bhagat Singh – Biography, History and Facts
700 Words essay on Shaheed Bhagat Singh.
Bhagat Singh is considered to be among the most respected, revered, and remembered revolutionary of India’s freedom struggle for independence against the British Raj. With a short yet thunderous presence, he managed to infuse a gush of patriotism, energy, and passion among the youth who became deeply inspired by a man who was ready to die for his nation. Bhagat Singh remains etched in the memory of Indians as a brave warrior who went to the gallows fearlessly and gave the slogan of “Long Live Revolution”. After his demise, there was an uproar across the nation and hundreds of thousands joined the freedom struggle eventually creating a mass hysteria against the brutal British regime.
Bhagat Singh was born in Punjab province of British India in a politically active family which had two prominent freedom fighters. At the age of 12, he was deeply affected by the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy and resolved to embark on the journey of the freedom struggle. However, as the great Mahatma Gandhi announced his withdrawal of Non-cooperation movement owing to violent activities of Chauri Chaura incident, Bhagat Singh was completely disillusioned with the passive revolution tactics of Congress party. As soon he completed his education, he joined Chandrashekhar Azad led Hindustan Republic Association and swore to fight for the noble cause of freedom.
The British government in 1928 had set up a Simon Commission to make recommendations for the Indian governance and administrative reforms. Since it had no Indian representatives, the whole nation joined hands to boycott the divisive committee. A prominent freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai, unfortunately, was killed while protesting against it due to barbaric lathi-charge. This infuriated Bhagat Singh and his comrades who had now created the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He along with his friends hatched a conspiracy to murder the Superintendent of Police but killed Assistant S.P. Saunders instead. He became famous overnight for his revenge against the outrageous act of brutality against his co-countrymen. He even escaped arrest and managed to flee to Calcutta.
His next bold move was exploding a non-lethal bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly, with a motive to bring the attention of the entire nation on the mis-governance and loot of British government. Bhagat Singh did not escape the scene and kept shouting ‘Inquilab Zindabad’. He and Batukeshwar Dutt were arrested and taken to Delhi. The next set of events was the famous trial of Bhagat Singh and his comrades which he deliberately wanted to be a part of so that his message of revolution disseminates throughout the nation. At the Central Jail Mianwali, he observed the preferential treatment given to European prisoners and the inhuman conditions of Indian prisoners. Bhagat Singh decided to sit on a hunger strike unless adequate rights were given to them as well. Jatin Das became a victim of this unbearable strike and succumbed. However, Bhagat Singh ended his strike only after 116 days which was unfathomable and world’s longest hunger strike by a revolutionary. His popularity spiraled out of control transgressing borders and British had to finally agree to his terms. It was a moral victory and showed how a peaceful struggle could bring the mighty to its knees.
Bhagat Singh along with Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death being accused of Lahore Conspiracy Case. Almost the entire nation protested against this and mercy petitions were filed. Mahatma Gandhi representing the Congress was forced to make a pact with Lord Irwin after the Civil Disobedience movement and no concessions were agreed upon regarding the acquittal of Bhagat Singh and his comrades. Three assassins or rather intrepid freedom fighters were hanged to death and their bodies removed from jail authorities, secretly cremated and ashes are thrown. Thereby, Shaheed Bhagat Singh became a national hero, a martyr who was a household name for his immense contribution to the rise of patriotism and fiery zeal among his co-countrymen.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh was a believer of communism and anarchism and highly inspired by the Russian Revolution. He detested the Gandhian ideology of Satyagraha and non-violent struggle or resistance. He is considered as one of the earliest Marxists of India. A symbol of national awakening, Bhagat Singh’s legacy lives to this date. His ideologies and sacrifice is still commemorated nationwide and is considered as an inspiration for millions.